Alopecia is not considered to be a disease, but it can have an enormous effect on ones self-confidence. In short and simple terms hair transplantation is: the relocation of existing hair follicles and hairs to a balding area. Hair and hair follicles that come from the back of the head, are very suitable for transplantation into areas of the balding skin because they rarely die prematurely. Therefore hair transplantation can be a solution for reduced self-confidence due to beginning baldness. Even for those who have already had a hair transplant, a new treatment offers good opportunities for later emerged thin or bald spots, even when you’ve done this hair transplant many years ago.
A hair will normally stay in the scalp for three to five years and then falls off. Then follows a resting phase of on average three months. A new hair evolves in the follicle and the cycle repeats itself. Each hair follicle may produce about twenty hairs. Some men (and women) suffer from baldness because their hair follicles are sensitive to the hormone dehydrotestosteron (DHT). About 70% of men and 40% of women are at some point in time faced with a certain type of baldness.
Excessive hair loss
Each person possesses some 100,000 to 150,000 hairs, so it’s perfectly normal that fifty to up to one hundred hairs per day fall out. In case of excessive hair loss or alopecia many more hairs per day are lost. The most common form of hair loss is hereditary hair loss, which occurs mainly in western men, but some women also face this type of hair loss. Women lose their hairs more scattered over the head, whereas for men hair loss mainly arises in the areas above the temples of on the crown of the head. Women often experience thinning hair, where as men are (partly) bald.
Hair loss can have several causes:
1. Hereditary hair loss: sensitivity to DHT leads to the well-known male pattern baldness. In families one often sees the same trend. The crown is thinning, or the front hairline fades. Gradually the areas are extended and tend to merge.
2. Hormonal disorders sometimes lead to hair loss (thyroid problems or disorders in the female hormone balance). When the underlying problem is being treated, hair growth often restores again.
3. After illness and / or anesthesia sometimes hair loss occurs. Usually the hairs will recover as the body recovers.
4. Some medications cause hair loss. The side effect of chemotherapy, for example, is very well-known. When the treatments are finished, the hairs often grow back.
5. Aging can lead to hair loss without any medical problems.
Hair transplantation: an excellent solution
Sometimes hair loss can be treated with medication. The most common drugs are Minoxidil and Finasteride. Finasteride (prescription only) can reduce the male pattern baldness. Minoxidil lotion has to be applied on the scalp two times each and every day. Any cause of hair loss requires appropriate treatment. So make sure you see a doctor with sufficient knowledge of (hair)problems.